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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振寰、方孝鼎(1991)國家機器、勞工政策與勞工運動,台北:台灣社會學研究季刊,第十三期。
  2. 吳挺鋒(2003)台灣財政平衡的現實與迷思:沒有平等的成長崇拜。收錄於台灣社會研究季刊第五十一期,台北:台灣社會研究雜誌社。
  3. 李允傑(1992)台灣工會政策的政治經濟分析。台北:商鼎。
  4. 唐嘉駿(2005)比較對抗式與協商式的勞資關係-以英國與德國為例,台北:淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文。
  5. 夏林清(1990)一個自主工會抗爭歷程的案例調查報告-結構性衝突與個人學習,台北:台灣社會學研究季刊,第二卷第二期。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈牧樺(2015)。戰後臺灣天主教基層修會的勞工牧靈實踐: 以古尚潔與馬赫俊神父為核心的考察。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2015。1-229。 
  2. 林佳瑋(2015)。從抗爭意識到集體行動:全國關廠工人連線的抗爭經驗(2012.6-2014.3)。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2015。1-161。 
  3. 楊霙儒(2014)。台灣自主工會運動的發展-團結工聯之考察。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2014。1-160。
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