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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 400 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. David Lai, Andrew Scobell & Roy Kamphausen主編,顏永銘譯,2013。《超越臺海--台灣問題外的解放軍任務》(Beyond the Strait: PLA Missions other than Taiwan)。臺北:國防大學。
  2. Denny Roy著,周茂林譯,2015。《崛起中共與區域安全》(Return of the Dragon Rising China and Regional Security)。臺北:國防部政務辦公室。
  3. James R. Lilley & David Shambaugh主編,國防部譯,2000。《共軍的未來》(China's Military Faces The Future)。臺北:史政編譯室。
  4. Roy Kamphausen & Andrew Scobell主編,國防部譯,2007。《解讀共軍兵力規模》(Right Sizing the People's Liberation Army: Exploring the Contours of China's Military)。臺北:史政編譯室
  5. Zahmay M. Khalilzad, Abram N. Shulsky, Daniel L. Byman, Roger Cliff, David T. Orletsky, David Shlapak & Ashley J. Tellis著,吳福生譯,2000。《美國與崛起中的中共戰略與軍事意涵》(The United States and a Rising China: Strategic and military Implications)。臺北:國防部史政編譯局。
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