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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Forman, R. T. T. (1995). Land Mosaics: the Ecology of Landscape and Regions. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  2. Sanoff, H. (2000). Community participation methods in design and planning. New York : J. Wiley & Sons.
  3. Wates, N. (2000). The community planning handbook : how people can shape their cities, towns and villages in any part of the world. London : Earthscan.
  4. Walzer, M. (1986). Pleasures and costs of urbanity. Dissent, Fall.
  5. 汪靜明(1999)台灣河川環境的生態教育。環境教育季刊,39,7-22。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林欣儀(2009)。都市水岸遊憩設施滿意度之研究─以碧潭風景區為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2009。1-156。 
  2. 王文靜(2010)。社區大學社會網絡建構之探討- 以高雄市第一社區大學農業與農村體驗學習課程為例。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2010。1-122。 
  3. 劉秀香(2013)。社區大學社團活動課程推動學員社區意識歷程之研究-以台南市曾文社區大學生態研習社為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-310。
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