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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 176 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.內政部統計處,2001,台灣地區少年狀況調查分析報告,台北,內政部統計處編印。
  2. 15.吳裕益、侯雅齡,2000,兒童自我概念量表。台北: 心理出版社。
  3. 23.林家屏,2002,青少年自我概念與行為困擾之相關研究。國立成功大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 25.侯雅齡,2001,兒童自我概念量表之發展。心理測驗學報, 48(1), 141-166
  5. 36.張春興,1999,教育心理學。台北市:東華。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳明献(2008)。青少年色彩化?菻~品牌忠誠度之研究---以台北縣、市高職女生為例。淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業學碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-79。 
  2. 朱淑樺(2009)。探討影響青少年購買飲料從眾行為之研究:以高高屏高中職生為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2009。1-135。 
  3. 馮麗蓉(2009)。青少年茶類飲料消費行為研究:以高雄巿國中生為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2009。1-91。 
  4. 洪萩婷(2014)。學生飲用含糖飲料行為及其相關因素研究-以高雄市某國中為例。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2014。1-98。 
  5. 凌田明(2009)。桃園縣國中學生之消費價值觀、人際影響與購買仿冒名牌產品行為關係之研究。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-165。
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