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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳奕慧(2004)。華人創業家是性量表的建構。國立台灣大學商學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 林妙雀(2004)。策略性動機、策略性資源與協調機制對海外企業經營績效影響之研究--以赴中國大陸投資之台商加以分析。管理評論,4,25-44。
  3. 許東讚(2008)。人格特質、創業精神與創業績效之關聯性探討。國立成功大學管理學院研究所碩士論文。
  4. 黃寶棟(2006)。人格特質、創業動機、創業策略與創業績效之關係研究—以台灣區中小企業創業家為例。國立成功大學管理學院高階管理碩士在職專班 (EMBA)碩士論文。
  5. 蔡明田,謝煒頻,李國瑋,許東讚(2008)。創業精神與創業績效之關連性探討:創業動機、能力與人格特質的整合性觀點。創業管理研究,3(3),29-65。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余瑤宏(2014)。先驗知識、創業動機與創業績效關係之研究-以新北市補習班創業者為例。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-115。 
  2. 王麗玲(2011)。工作價值觀、組織承諾與知識分享間關係之研究—以某國防科技研發機構為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-94。
  3. 武麗君(2011)。連鎖美髮業內部創業者人格特質與績效之研究-以創業動機為干擾變數。臺北科技大學管理學院經營管理EMBA專班學位論文。2011。1-76。
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