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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [11] Buckley, Peter J. and Casson, Mark. , The Future of the Multinational Enterprise: 25th Anniversary Edition, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.
  2. [15] Satry, Thomas L., Analytic Hierarchy Process, 9th ed, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980.
  3. [16] Saaty, T. L., The Analysis Hierarchy Process, New York: McGraw Hill, 1980.
  4. [21] 潘南飛,「公路工程進度延誤之風險分析」,技術學刊,第20卷,第3期,2005,第249-260頁。
  5. [22] Palmisano, Samuel J., “The Globally Integrated Enterprise,” Foreign Affairs, Volume 85, No. 3, May/June 2006, pp. 127-136.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江衍宏(2010)。多國企業轉型成為全球整合機制策略之探討 -以IBM與研華個案為例。臺灣大學國際企業管理組學位論文。2010。1-44。 
  2. 陳皇榮(2009)。冷凍空調業導入電子化之成功關鍵因素研究。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-79。
  3. 賴志福(2010)。印後加工自動化設備業經營關鍵成功因素之研究。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-76。
  4. 陳信漳(2012)。國中小補習班經營關鍵成功因素之研究。臺北科技大學管理學院經營管理EMBA專班學位論文。2012。1-76。
  5. 王宗堂(2012)。汽車銷售業關鍵成功因素之探討。臺北科技大學管理學院經營管理EMBA專班學位論文。2012。1-70。
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