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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方又圓、唐福瑩(2005).護理臨床教師專業態度.志為護理雜誌,5(4),73-79。
  2. 王郁智(2005).護理人員留任意願因素之研究.未發表碩士論文,花蓮:慈濟大學護理研究所。
  3. 王桂英(2008).臨床護理人員工作價值觀、專業承諾與離職傾向之相關性研究.未發表碩士論文,台南:長榮大學護理研究所。
  4. 尹祚芊、楊克平、劉麗芳(2001).台灣地區醫院護理人員留任措施計畫成效之評值.護理研究,9(3),247-258。
  5. 李全福(2001).師父的個人特質、組織情境因素對師徒功能影響之研究.未發表碩士論文,台北桃園:私立中原大學企業管理研究所。
Times Cited (35) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃盈傑(2011)。大專學生運動員生涯發展狀況與生涯輔導需求之質化研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2011。1-142。 
  2. 黃文瑄(2014)。桃園縣國民小學級任教師人格特質與輔導自我效能關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-151。 
  3. 蔡昔熹(2011)。國小棒球隊學生讀寫能力之探究-以台東縣為例。臺東大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2011。1-78。 
  4. 梁豐兆(2014)。高雄市水球運動員生涯規劃之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-52。 
  5. 黃永志(2008)。屏東縣國民中學運動代表隊經營現況調查。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-165。 
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