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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宏維(2002)。中學木球運動代表隊員之參與滿意度相關研究。未出版碩士論文,國立國立臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班,台北市。
  2. 王勇勝(2009)高爾夫練習場之服務品質之探討。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,8(1),63-71。
  3. 王勇勝、黃崑明、李志恭(2009)。高爾夫練習場之服務品質與滿意度之影響研究,屏東教大運動科學學刊,5,183-195。
  4. 王柏森(2009)。慢速壘球參與者之參與動機、團隊凝聚力與社會支持之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣師院大學運動與休閒管理研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  5. 王潔玲(2002)。教練與選手目標取向適配性對大專女子籃球選手團隊適應及團隊滿意度的影響。未出版碩士論文,國立體育學院體育研究所,桃園縣。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡裕崑(2012)。運動用品自創品牌歷程之研究 ─以A品牌為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-111。
  2. 李政雄(2016)。慈輝班學生運動參與、動機與阻礙因素 調查研究。長榮大學運動競技學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-108。
  3. 陳芃諭(2016)。企業自創品牌之動態陷阱的一般化動態假設─以系統動力學為方法。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2016。1-94。
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