Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 18 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Nguyen, Dinh Hoa.1997. Vietnamese. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    2. Nguyen, Dinh Hoa. 1997.Tiếng Việt không son phấn, Amsterdam:John Benjamins Publishing Company, ISBN 1-55619-773-0
    3. Hopper, Paul J., and Elizabeth Closs Traugott.1993. Grammaticalization. Cambrigde: Cambridge university Press.
    4. Free Online Vietnamese Dictionary (
    5. VDict( Vietnamese online dictionaries
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃萃文(2013)。運用WebQuest融入地理主題統整課程提升國中生問題解決能力之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-124。 
    2. 江淑惠(2010)。七年級學生在科學社團探究式實驗活動之問題解決表現。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-114。 
    3. 程上修(1999)。運用合作學習及創造思考問題解決策略於高一氣象學習之成效分析。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。1999。1-140。
    4. 張慧君(2005)。STS教學對於八年級學生問題解決能力的影響。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2005。1-189。
    5. 王文宏(2017)。從語料庫探究華語「子」和「兒」的教學排序。清華大學中國語文學系所學位論文。2017。1-152。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
    E-mail :
    When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
    E-mail :