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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 英文文獻
  2. 1. Cleveland,“EAI adds strategic relationships”,Contracting Business,2001.
  3. 2. Fort Washington,“Enterprise Application Integration”,Ent,2000.
  4. 3. Framingham,“EAI vendors embrace Web services”,Computerworld,2001.
  5. 4. Framingham,“Evolution of integration”,Info World, 2001.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗華(2005)。企業資源規劃系統與工作流程管理系統整合問題之研究-以人力資源模組為例。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-180。 
  2. 余發炫(2006)。以資料層EAI發展系統整合模式之研究。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-90。 
  3. 邱志卿(2007)。以服務導向架構實作商業流程之研究。中央大學資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-65。
  4. 林瓊慈(2010)。跨國企業購併與異質ERP系統整合之研究 -以LT公司為例。大同大學資訊經營學系所學位論文。2010。1-101。
  5. 蕭兆延(2012)。集團式企業接班人計畫相關問題之研究-以K公司為例。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-55。
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