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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10.吳穗泉(2013),文化融合度與文化內涵度對文化影響力關係之研究:台灣五都文化創意產業關鍵成功因素觀點剖析,中原大學企業管理系碩士學位論文。
  2. 17.徐進鈺(2003),邁向學習性經濟中的創意型城市:兼論台北的機會與限制,研考雙月刊,27(4),頁66-75。
  3. 21.陳至柔(2013),文化內涵度與文化創造力對文化影響力關係之研究:中國大陸九大文化創意城市比較分析,中原大學企業管理系碩士學位論文。
  4. 22.楊思嘉(2012),兩岸文化創意城市文化內涵度與文化發展力關係之研究:上海、北京、杭州、深圳、台北五城市之比較分析,中原大學企業管理系碩士學位論文。
  5. 28.劉宜君(2004),提升城市競爭力治理途徑之研究,政策研究學報,(4),頁47-80。
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