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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛慶禎(2011 )。圖書館對語文弱勢者的服務,圖書資訊學核心期刊論文,28卷3期,40-52
  2. 田耐青、黃永和(2010) 。越南華語文教師教學現況與需求之探究。2010 華語文教學與實務研討會論文集,台北:國立臺北教育大學華語文中心。
  3. 李君如、陳郁欣 (2012)。以行動研究探討流行音樂歌唱教學對青少年美感經驗之影響,教師專業研究期刊,第三期2012年06月15-46頁。
  4. 阮越進 (2011)。初級華語口語課程設計-以越南學生為對象。國立臺灣師範大學華語文教學 研究所碩士論文。
  5. 張瑞祥(2015)。應用華語歌曲及錄音軟體於華語教學之課程設計。國立台灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文
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