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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 司徒達賢(1999)。非營利組織的經營管理。臺北:天下遠見。
  2. 吳復新(2003)。人力資源管理:理論分析與實務運用。臺北:華泰文化。
  3. 李田樹(譯)(2003)。Joan Magretta著。管理是什麼(What Management Is : how it works and why it’s everyone’s business)。臺北:天下文化。
  4. 何明修(2005)。社會運動概論。臺北:三民。
  5. 官有垣(2002a)。第三部門的研究:經濟學觀點與部門互動理論的檢視。臺灣社會福利學刊(電子期刊),3,1-28。2007.07.24,取自
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳志豪(2013)。多層次傳銷組織系統運作對經營績效之分析以台灣完美公司為例。屏東科技大學高階經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-142。 
  2. 陳韻如(2015)。非營利組織的平面媒體經營探析:以《消費者報導》雜誌為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-207。 
  3. 孫珮瑜(2011)。非營利組織策略聯盟網絡治理結構之研究-以「台灣公益團體自律聯盟」為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2011。1-227。 
  4. 王美欣(2010)。倡議型非營利組織的公共關係策略研究。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2010。1-294。 
  5. 廖本煥(2015)。非營利組織經營管理政策之研究 ─以某基金會為例。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2015。1-120。 
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