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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑俐(民84)。青少年情緒的問題、研究與對策。臺北:合記。
  2. 王艷萍(民89)。女性憂鬱症患者生病及復原歷程之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育與心理輔導研究所碩士論文。
  3. 池汾玫(民91)。冠壯動脈心臟病患憂鬱程度和自我照顧效能之相關研究。國立台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 呂淑妤、林宗義(民89).南部社區老人憂鬱症狀盛行率及相關因素研究.中華公共衛生雜誌,第19卷第1期,頁50-60。
  5. 李素芬(民93)。憂鬱的相關理論探究。諮商與輔導,第233期,頁2-6。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李雅玲(2009)。彰化縣國中教師睡眠品質與其相關因素研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-111。
  2. 陳秋雅(2011)。新北市國中主任工作壓力及復原力與憂鬱行為表現之研究。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-191。
  3. 郭婷婷(2011)。臺北市公立高中兼任行政職務教師工作壓力、復原力與憂鬱行為表現之研究。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-229。
  4. 周佩姿(2011)。新北市國小校長工作壓力、復原力與憂鬱行為表現之研究。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-148。
  5. 張凱婷(2012)。助人的代價--一個輔導教師的通報歷程與創傷經驗。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-149。
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