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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 219 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方逸芸(2000)。國中生活科技教師教學信念及其相關因素之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 方麗琴(2007)。打造金鷹傳奇-傑出身心障礙者的創造性人格特質與生活經驗探究。國立臺灣師範大學創造力發展在職專班碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  3. 王心詠、黃台珠(1997)。教師信念與實驗室教學實務對學習環境的影響:一位國中生物教師的個案研究。載於中華民國第十三屆科學教育學術研討會論文彙編 (頁347-353)。臺北:國立臺灣師範大學理學院。
  4. 王信凱(2008)。從微光裡看見豔彩-一位視覺障礙運動員的生命故事。國立臺灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  5. 呂艾穎(2003)。教師信念與教室評量-兩位大學英文教師之個案研究。國立臺灣師範大學英語學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭雅文(2011)。將太極拳應用於表演藝術課程之學習成效-以台中市光復國民中小學國中部為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2011。1-170。
  2. 李佩憶(2011)。國小雙重特教需求學生之優勢才能發展與學校適應。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2011。1-237。
  3. 邱世明(2012)。國小教師教育哲學信念在班級經營中實踐之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-204。
  4. 賴依婷(2015)。傑出身心障礙者在藝術學習歷程之敘說研究-以一位口足畫家為例。臺北藝術大學藝術與人文教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-145。
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