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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳紹馨,《臺灣省通志稿:人口篇》(臺北市:臺灣銀行研究室,1964)。
  2. 黃雯娟,〈清代蘭陽平原的水利開發與聚落發展〉(臺北:臺灣師範大學地理學研究所碩士論文,1990),頁13-17。
  3. 黃增川,〈舞獅活動課程實施之研究~以宜蘭縣某國小為例〉,國立臺北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文(2001),取自「全國碩博士論文資訊網」:。(編號:090NTPTC611007)
  4. 吳慧貞,〈臺灣民俗體育發展初探(1975-1990)〉,《體育學報》,第32輯(2002年3月),頁157-167。
  5. 葉柏舜、鄧國雄,〈蘭陽平原先住民聚落分布之地理研究〉,《市師社教學報》,第2期(2003年12月),頁32。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳麗華(2013)。國中舞獅代表隊運動傷害調查研究-以台南市代表隊為例。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-57。 
  2. 邱秀蓮(2012)。醒獅在台灣之發展(1950~2011)~以臺北市兩廣旅台國術醒獅團為探討中心。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-281。
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