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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王以仁(民71)。台灣省國民小學所在地區規模大小與教育素質有關因素之調查研究,未出版之碩士論文,國立政治大學教育研究所,台北市。
  2. 王梅玲(民85)。NII與圖書館資訊科學教育。教育資料與圖書館學,33:3期,頁318-333。
  3. 張雅玲(民90)。國民小學職前教師資訊素養之研究。未出版之碩士論文,私立淡江大學教育科技學系研究所,台北縣。
  4. 郭麗玲(民87)。圖書館在全民終身學習中的角色。台北市立圖書館館訊,16(1),14-27。
  5. 陳立祥(民88)。我國資訊教育推動現況與展望。竹縣文教,19,5-10。
Times Cited (26) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張嘉儀(2010)。網路課後輔導對東部偏遠地區學童學習之影響─一個個案研究。臺東大學教育學系教學科技碩士班學位論文。2010。1-139。 
  2. 尤力弘(2010)。台北縣國小高年級新住民學童數位落差現況之研究。臺東大學進修部教學科技碩在職進修專(暑)學位論文。2010。1-188。 
  3. 李怡宏(2008)。影響台東縣國小學童成就動機相關因素之研究。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2008。1-155。 
  4. 袁萬恩(2008)。國中學生網路溝通工具應用與網路生活適應關係之研究。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2008。1-165。 
  5. 黃立源(2008)。台東縣國民中小學學生學力之研究。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2008。1-157。 
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