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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 187 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方雅漣(2004),完全中學教師組織變革知覺與組織承諾關係之研究,台南
  2. 吳秉恩(1993),第二版,組織行為學,台北,華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 吳振昌(2000),組織變革後不確定感對員工工作反應影響之研究,國防管
  4. 吳惠展(2003),轉換型領導、交易型領導與組織承諾之關係―以屏東縣平
  5. 地、山地公所實證比較,屏東科技大學企業管理系碩士班未出版之
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡明勳(2010)。企業購併下員工權益認知、工作滿足感與離職傾向 關聯性之研究-以製藥產業為例。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2010。1-79。
  2. 葉筱靜(2017)。組織變革對工作投入之影響-以轉換型領導為干擾效果。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-108。
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