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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 223 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李堅萍(2006)。培育科技創造力應重視實作技能的教學與自我效能的激發。生活科技教育月刊,第39卷,第8期
  2. 吳清山,黃旭均(2000)。學校推動知識管理策略初探。教育研究月刊。77期。頁:18-31
  3. 高文彬(2012)。連鎖餐飲業師徒制教學與領導之研究。台灣勞動評論。第四卷第二期(12)。頁:183-219。台灣勞動與社會保障協會
  4. 徐嬿玲(2007)。公務人力訓練學習成效移轉之研究-行政院菁英領導班之哈佛大學班個案分析。國立政治大學未出版碩士論文
  5. 郭實渝(2008)。教學建構主義的哲學基礎。台東大學教育學報。第19卷第2期。頁119~142
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張素貞(2015)。互動式電子白板教學對國小高年級兒童 在資訊學習轉移成效之研究。虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2015。1-113。
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