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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 24.楊文畬(2009)臺灣鰻魚養殖產業關鍵成功因素之研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 30.張國良(2014)台灣鰻魚產業經營策略之研究。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 44.朱鴻鈞、陳葦芋、陳政忻(2009)台灣鯛產業概況及趨勢。農業生技產業季刊(第19期、第21-23頁)。
  4. 45.楊玉婷、陳葦芋、陳政忻(2009)石斑魚產業概況及趨勢。農業生技產業季刊(第19期、第26-29頁)。
  5. 46.朱鴻鈞(2010)全球漁業發展現況及未來趨勢分析兼論台灣漁業發展現況。台灣經濟研究月刊(第33卷、第3期、第47-52頁)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾景麟(2016)。以價值網觀點探討紡織後段加工的競爭力 -以C公司為例。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2016。1-36。
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