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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 池進通、李鴻文、劉慶湘、許志賢(2007)。員工學習態度與學習滿意度關係之研究。生物與休閒事業研究,5(1),58-76。
  2. 吳君瑋(2011)。高職綜合職能科學生自我概念、障礙覺察與相關因素研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 李世忠(2007)。步驟性教材製作軟體於E-learning應用軟體學習之探討。教育資料與圖書館學,45(2),233-248。
  4. 李明璜(2012)。數學能力分組教學對國中生學習成就與學習態度之影響。國立中興大學應用數學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。
  5. 李建霖(2010)。學習滿意度衡量尺度、構面之理論與相關實證研究。屏東教大體育,13,108-115。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳芸萍(2015)。高職餐飲管理科學生參與業界專家協同教學之課程滿意度 與學習成效。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-109。 
  2. 楊吳長婷(2016)。高職資料處理科學生專題製作課程學習態度、課程滿意度與專業知能之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-132。
  3. 蔡慧珠(2016)。高級海事水產職業學校水產養殖科學生技能學習態度與職業自我概念之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-148。
  4. 胡壽勇(2017)。多媒體教學運用於全民國防教育課之成效-以射擊課程為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2017。1-68。
  5. 鄧惟鍀(2017)。以合作學習提高商科學生學習動機與學習成效之行動研究-以馬來西亞建興中學高一班為例。清華大學教育與學習科技學系馬來西亞境外碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-139。
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