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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林金塗,「我國高中職能源教育教材內涵需求之研究」,碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所,台北(1992)。
  2. 林美和,「學習障礙兒童的教育問題」,特教季刊,第24期,第1-7頁,(1990)。
  3. 李公哲,「永續發展導論」,中華民國環境工程學會,台北(1996)。
  4. 李雅如,「高中教科書內能源教育之內容分析」,碩士論文,國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所,彰化(1995)。
  5. 洪德生,「追求能源、環境與經濟平衡發展」,財團法人台灣經濟研究院,台北(1998)。
Times Cited (29) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊嘉輝(2012)。以AHP法評估國民中小學推動綠色低碳校園應用順序之研究。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-207。 
  2. 曾建棠(2010)。交友網站功能要素與網站介面技術之研究。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-121。 
  3. 蔡岳儒(2010)。以層級分析法評估國民小學推動永續校園之優先順序。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2010。1-180。
  4. 遲正憲(2010)。推動節能減碳的社會教育之層級分析。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2010。1-134。
  5. 李昭政(2010)。評估降低道路噪音之層級分析。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2010。1-107。
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