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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王為國(2006)。幼兒園園長課程領導之研究。臺北:心理
  2. 王怡云(2005)。幼稚園園長領導之個案研究。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系博士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 王志翔(2008)。臺北市公立幼稚園園長團隊領導能力之研究。國立政治大學幼兒教育所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 王榮貴(2010)。民宿經營者人格特質、領導能力、經營績效之研究-以台東縣為例。農業經營管理年刊,16,1-20。
  5. 李淑惠(2005)。尋找一個位置:幼兒園女性園長的領導經驗。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系博士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李碧清(2015)。靈性成長與幼教事業經營-以一位園長為例。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2015。1-121。
  2. 黃毓儒(2015)。里長領導與低碳社區營造之探討-以桃園市楊梅區秀才里為例(1998年-2014年)。中央大學客家政治經濟研究所學位論文。2015。1-153。
  3. 陳盈呈(2017)。一所私立幼兒園的發展與蛻變。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2017。1-218。
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