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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋彥青(2001)。行動電話消費行為之研究二-業者、費率方案、與使用量混合需求模式。未出版博士論文,國立成功大學交通管理學系博士班,台南市。
  2. 何信良(2002)。符合一般電腦需求的觸控面版。未出版博士論文,國立成功大學微電子工程研究所博士班博士論文,台南市。
  3. 林奇芳(2002)。研發團隊創造力指標建構之研究-以高科技產業為例。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學工業科學教育研究所,台北市。
  4. 阿尼吉(2007)。GPS 完全活用指南。台北市:城邦文化事業股份有限公司。
  5. 候崙霄。(2001)。企業在兩岸對ERP 系統製造功能需求之差異探討-以台商汽車零件業為例。未出版碩士論文,元智大學資訊管理學系,桃園縣。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡良益(2011)。GPS導航產業之經營分析與發展策略-以Garmin、TomTom及PAPAGO!為例。臺灣大學會計與管理決策組學位論文。2011。1-65。
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