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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡龍騰、張國偉(2010),美國績效管理改革作法,研考雙月刋,34(3),24-36。
  2. 彭錦鵬,2000,英國政署之組織設計與運作成效,歐美研究,30(3),89-141。
  3. 連宏華,2010,公共組織改造理論與應用之研究—行政組織改造之分析,國立台灣師範大學政治學研究所博士論文。
  4. Arundel, A., (2001) “The relative effectiveness of patents and secrecy for appropriation”, Research Policy 30 (4), 611–624.
  5. Blind, K., Edler, J., Frietsch, R., and Schmoch, U., (2006) “Motives to patent: Empirical evidence from Germany”, Research Policy 35(5), 655-672.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳俊瑋(2015)。新型專利制度產業運作之實證研究-以自行車產業為例。中興大學法律學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-123。 
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