Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白青平(2000)。臺北縣市國民小學初任教師工作困擾與解決途徑之研究。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 朱盈潔(2007)。臺北縣國民中小學資源班初任教師工作困擾與專業發展需求之研究。國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  3. 李永昌(1999)。視障教師工作壓力之研究。特殊教育與復健學報,7,219-244。
  4. 林宜玄、翁美惠(2008)。我國高級中等學校初任教師工作困擾及解決方式之研究。學校行政,53,101-121。
  5. 林美環(2008)。臺東縣國民中學社會學習領域教師教學困擾的因應行為與輔導措施之研究。國立臺東大學教育學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺東。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐淇新(2013)。國民小學客語支援教師教學困擾與專業成長需求之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-139。 
  2. 侯美綺(2015)。高屏地區新娘秘書工作困擾與因應對策之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-157。 
  3. 鄭筱燕(2015)。新北市國小教師推動補救教學實施方案之工作困擾與解決方式之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系學位論文。2015。1-179。 
  4. 紀雅馨(2011)。國民中學資源班召集人/資源班導師角色之調查研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-141。
  5. 林思吟(2016)。國民小學特殊教育初任教師教學困擾、因應策略與心理健康之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系學位論文。2016。1-123。
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