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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王國珍(2007)。中高階經理人退休專業人力再運用-供給面之探討。國立政治大學勞工研究所碩士論文,台北。
  2. 行政院勞工委員會、職業訓練局(2008)。高齡化時代的來臨-中高齡者及高齡者的就業問題與因應策略。勞工雙月刊,15,4-11。
  3. 李宗派(2009)。探討嬰兒潮之退休概念與其變遷趨勢。台灣老人保健學刊,5(2),70-92。
  4. 陳美女(2007)。我國勞工退休金新制之研究。國立政治大學行政管理碩士學程論文,台北。
  5. 楊國德、王瑞宏(2006)。促進中高齡者就業中長期計畫政策建議書。行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃緻茵(2014)。中高齡男性退休後再就業及學習歷程之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-179。
  2. 吳淑妃(2014)。退休婦女再就業經驗學習之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-187。
  3. 張雅惠(2014)。人口老化對企業之影響與因應對策-以傳統產業為例。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-41。
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