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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王明傑(2003)。《國小學生自我調整學習模式之驗證暨應用性向與事件評量融入社會領域之自我調整閱讀理解教學效果之研究》。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所博士論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 余安邦(1991)。〈影響成就動機的家庭社會化因素之探討〉。《中央研究院民族學研究所集刊》,71,87-132。
  3. 呂慧珍(2004)。《國民小學實施課後托育之個案研究:以臺中縣偏遠地區一所國民小學為例》。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中。
  4. 李新民(2003)。〈課後托育機構整合國小課程的初探〉。《幼兒保育學刊》,1,19-38。
  5. 林志哲(2007)。〈以結構方程模式驗證期望、價值與數學成就的關係〉。《教育學刊》,29,103-127。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 范純華(2009)。母親國籍、生活習慣與胎兒金屬累積暴露之相關研究。臺北醫學大學公共衛生學系暨研究所學位論文。2009。1-101。
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