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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 23、黃英忠(1997)。人力資源管理,台北:三民。
  2. 25、勞動基準法(1996修正公布), 桃園縣政府及桃園縣總工會印製。
  3. 35、謝宜峰(2000)。百貨公司樓面管理人員離職意願及其相關因素之研究。台灣師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文。
  4. 1、 Abbasi, S.M. and Hollman, K.W.(2000). Turnover:The Real Botton Line. Public Personnel Management, V01.29, No.3, 333-341。
  5. 2、 Abelson, M.A. (1987). Examination of Avoidable and Unavoidable Turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vo1.72, No.3, 383。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳玫珍(2008)。員工為什麼會離職-從離職動機的萌生、強化到下決策之行為歷程。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-113。 
  2. 卓筱淇(2003)。師徒性別配對與師徒功能及其後果變項關聯性之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2003。1-98。
  3. 顏蜜(2004)。護理人員專業承諾及工作風險認知與生涯發展、離職傾向關聯性之研究—以某區域醫院為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-88。
  4. 石家瑜(2010)。結合平衡計分卡與資料包絡分析法 -應用於國際觀光旅館標竿管理之探討。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2010。1-100。
  5. 沈枝賢(2014)。財富管理業務人員薪酬公平性與工作滿意、組織承諾與離職傾向之關係研究-以台灣地區某銀行為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2014。1-66。
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