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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 220 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8 李弘暉(民86),高績效團隊管理的理論基礎 - 團隊理論模型綜述,中國行政評論,第6卷,第4期,頁87-104。
  2. 35 楊國樞(黃貴應 主編)(民82),劉邵的人格特質及其詮釋,人觀、意義與社會,台北:中央研究院民族學研究所,頁89-127。
  3. 38 廖洲棚(民86),團隊型組織之溝通訊息傳遞過程:符號與資訊科技互動的研究,國立政治大學公共行政學系碩士論文。
  4. 2 Allport, G. W. & Odbert, H. S. (1936), “Trait names: A psycho-lexical study,” Psychological Monographs, 47, No.211.
  5. 3 Allport, G. W. (1937), Personality: A Psychological Interpretation, New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winson.
Times Cited (46) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊振宏(2015)。員工工作輪調、職涯滿意與心理資本關係之研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-90。 
  2. 王玉惠(2015)。家長式領導與差序式領導對團隊效能之影響-以團隊凝聚力為中介變項。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-116。 
  3. 李秋蓉(2010)。臺北縣國小主任衝突管理策略與行政團隊效能關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-146。 
  4. 孫嘉聆(2008)。人格特質、人際信任與團隊互動過程對知識分享行為之影響。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-66。 
  5. 許聖婉(2006)。工作場所設計、人格特質與工作滿足之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-58。 
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