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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 170 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 中華經濟研究院(2004),民國93年中小企業白皮書,中華經濟研究院。
  2. 7. 王國烜(2000),企業創新策略、核心競爭力類型及其配適對經營績效影響之研究-以海峽兩岸台商企業網路互賴觀點實證,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 13. 江慶鴻(2003),核心擴張策略與經營績效關係之研究-以台灣建築產業為對象,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 15. 吳建政(2004),交易特性與核心競爭力對賣方在電子交易市集之實施程度與營運績效影響之研究,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 25. 卓長蒼(2004),產能擴充策略、核心能耐與經營績效關係之研究-以台灣TFT-LCD產業為例,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉世薇(2013)。應用供應鏈管理提升貿易競爭力之研究–以T公司為例。淡江大學國際商學碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-90。 
  2. 曹慧如(2006)。住宅型安養機構經營競爭策略之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-156。 
  3. 馬明忠(2009)。核心擴張模式與競合策略關係之研究-以兩岸電腦周邊產業為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-84。 
  4. 郭先捷(2006)。台灣出口貿易商之行銷策略研究。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2006。1-118。
  5. 洪雅蘋(2012)。組織變革中導入EIP之研究- 以互動性鑽石模型為基礎。中央大學資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-79。
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