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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余惠芳、張士軍和黃于軒,2011,企業財務資訊、代理問題與信用風險模型之實證研究,華人經濟研究,9(2),1-20。
  2. 李佳玲、葉穎蓉、何晉滄,2005,績效、公司治理與高階管理者離職關係之實證研究,中山管理評論,第十三卷第一期,頁75-138。
  3. 洪玉舜,2005,績效衡量指標在高階主管薪酬契約中之相對重要性,國立政治大學會計研究所碩士論文。
  4. 張力、林翠蓉、侯啟娉、馬文利,2010,所有權型態、經理人行為與總經理異動關係之實證研究,台灣管理學刊,第10卷,第2期,頁149-169。
  5. 許永聲、陳俊合和曾奕菱,2013,企業社會責任與信用風險評等,會計學報,第5卷第1期: 1-26。
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