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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁美麗(2009)。泰國在台留學生跨文化適應、休閒行為涉入、參與動機、阻礙與滿意度影響關係之研究。未出版碩士論文,高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所,高雄市。
  2. 金貞勳(2004)。台北市外籍學生休閒需求與參與之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所,台北市。
  3. 吳忠宏、蘇珮玲(2005)。職前教師參與生態旅遊活動之行為意圖研究。臺中教育大學學報,19(2),73-97。
  4. 黃筱雯、施鴻瑜(2010)。台南地區華語文學習之國際學生休閒參與初探。運動傳播學刊,3,28-46。
  5. 張孝銘(2007)。飛行傘參與者冒險遊憩參與行為模式之研究。運動休閒管理學報,4(1),1-13。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡育豪(2008)。彰化縣中老年人參與外丹功專業化程度與健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-89。
  2. 林巧婷(2012)。大專排球代表隊選手目標取向與參與動機之關聯性研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-119。
  3. 許永昱(2017)。中高齡者知覺風險對行為意圖影響之研究-以不動產逆向抵押貸款為例。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-101。
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