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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王怡菁(2001)。淺談運動休閒育樂營輔導員之角色與定位。大專體育,(55),27-31。
  2. 王泠、王瑞麟、李麗瓊(1999)。SWOT分析對國泰女籃訓練評估的運用。大專體育,(37),119-124。
  3. 呂宜蓁、梁玉秋(2004)。現今運動指導員工作價值觀之探討。大專體育,(73),126-132。
  4. 巫慧萍(2000)。臺北市中小學體育育樂營實施現況及阻礙因素之研究(碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,2001)。全國博碩士論文資訊網,089NTNU0567045。
  5. 巫慧萍(2008)。新竹地區各層級學校體育育樂營實施現況及阻礙因素之研究。休閒暨觀光產業研究,(3),61-86。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 侯佩宜(2016)。兒童產業實習專業知能檢核指標之建構:以親子館為例。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2016。1-95。
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