Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 181 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江文雄 ( 1996 )。學校領導的困境與突破。技術及職業教育,33,6-10。
  2. 朱淑子 ( 2002 )。國小校長轉化領導、互易領導與教師工作滿意度關係之研
  3. 國立新竹教育大學體育學系研究所,新竹市。
  4. 林俊賢 ( 2007 )。教師回饋知覺、目標導向與國中生體育課參與動機之關
  5. 林貞錡 ( 2009 )。中部地區國中游泳團隊成員參與動機與社會支持之研究。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林蕓紅(2014)。教師人格特質、領導風格與教學效能關係之研究—以台南市安平區國小為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2014。1-140。 
  2. 張義弦(2015)。嘉義縣國中學生知覺體育教師教學風格與學習動機之關係。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2015。1-150。
  3. 徐麗英(2016)。國小教師領導行為與學生學習成就間關係研究。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2016。1-55。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :