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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 175 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑞霞、邱啟潤 (1996) 。老年人體能活動與及其相關因素探討。高雄醫學科學雜誌,12,348-358。
  2. 江晴雯 (2011) 。臺北市樂齡游泳者休閒涉入、休閒效益 與休閒阻礙之研究 (未出版碩士論文) 。臺北市立體育學院,臺北市。
  3. 李錦東 (2008) 。臺中縣外埔鄉老農休閒偏好與阻礙 (未出版碩士論文) 。亞洲大學,臺中縣。
  4. 李玟璉 (2008) 。臺北市中正市民運動中心運動場地設施管理之探討。輔仁大學體育學刊,7,293-303。
  5. 李展瑋 (2008) 。臺北市運動中心委外經營營運績效評估指標建構之研究 (未出版博碩士論文) 。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王仲霆(2015)。台北市樂齡人士之運動潛在需求探討。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2015。1-84。
  2. 吳雅秋(2016)。大專校院學生對運動場館設施使用需求與滿意度之研究-以國立彰化師範大學為例。彰化師範大學運動學系運動與健康休閒碩士班學位論文。2016。1-145。
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