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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 成虹飛、黃志順(民88)從教師成長看課程改革的意義。應用心理研究,1,頁69-97。
  2. 夏林清(民88)制度變革中教育實踐的空間:一個行動研究的實例與概念。應用心理研究,1,頁33-68。
  3. 陳舜芬、丁志仁、洪儷瑜(民86)師資培育與教師進修制度的檢討。教育研究所集刊,37,40--100。
  4. 游家政(民87)建構主義取向課程設計的評析。課程與教學季刊,1(3),31--46。
  5. 蔡克容(民87)建構主義對教育改革的啟示。課程與教學季刊,1(3),頁47-60。
Times Cited (21) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳玲芝(2012)。一個教學反思模式對國小自然科教師PCK之探討。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-174。 
  2. 林璟平(2008)。協同教學發展國小數學教師PCK之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-144。 
  3. 楊曼玉(2008)。桃園縣國民中學組織創新氣氛與教師教學創新關聯性之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-208。 
  4. 梁閔涵(2009)。關山親水公園植物資源調查應用在國小戶外教學成效之研究。屏東科技大學熱帶農業暨國際合作系所學位論文。2009。1-125。 
  5. 詹于倩(2000)。國民中學試辦綜合活動課程之研究--以三民國中課程試辦歷程為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2000。1-245。
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