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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 152 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林莉莉(2001)。知識經濟產業靈魂—R&D~以電子業科技研發之績效評估為
    2. 例~。台灣經濟研究,1(24),73-77。
    3. Yin,R.K.(1994/2001).Case study research: design and methods.
    4. Nelson,R.B.(1987/1990). The Creative Corporation.
    5. 陳冠榮(1997)。台灣地區環境壓力指標建構之研究。國立台灣大學環境工
    Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
    1. 曾婉婷(2006)。團隊多元化對團隊創造力影響之研究-以激勵策略與領導型態為干擾變數。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-77。 
    2. 楊穎琪(2011)。我國大學生核心能力指標現況調查與建構之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-288。 
    3. 莊淑媛(2007)。國民小學教師團隊創造力之研究-以穿山甲教師團隊為例-。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-184。 
    4. 黃茂松(2004)。高級中等學校門房警衛專業能力指標建構之研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士班學位論文。2004。1-198。
    5. 賀秋白(2006)。大學圖文傳播系學生之複製前數位能力指標建構。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2006。1-306。
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