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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李昱叡(2005a)。台灣海洋運動政策發展現況。大專體育,81,1-7。
  2. 吳玟琪(2005)。淺談如何設計水域運動課程-以風浪板教學為例。學校
  3. 吳科驊(2005)。登山健行者休閒參與動機、持續涉入、休閒效益與幸福
  4. 高俊雄(2002)。運動休閒事業管理。桃園:志軒。
  5. 莊秀婉(2005)。臺灣北海岸衝浪參與者休閒體驗與滿意度之調查研究。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 魏妍儀(2014)。衝浪者認真休閒、休閒阻礙與休閒協商關係之研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2014。1-168。 
  2. 曹校章(Hsiao-Chang Tsao);陳建文(Chien-Wen Chen);黃智能(Zhi-Neng Huang)(2016)。海洋運動觀光與休閒活動涉入量表之發展。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊。15(1)。92-105。 
  3. 傅筱涵(2010)。臺灣衝浪運動參與者動機與現況之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-132。
  4. 許盛理(2011)。衝浪運動參與者休閒涉入、風險認知與知覺勝任關係之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-145。
  5. 謝文生(2011)。太極拳運動參與者涉入程度、心流體驗與休閒滿意度關係之研究。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2011。1-78。
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