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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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黃昭郎 , Masters  Advisor:郝鳳鳴  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 173 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 15. 李惠宗,憲法要義(第二版),元照出版有限公司,2004年9月。
    2. 17. 李建良,行政法基本十講,元照出版有限公司,2013年修訂4版。
    3. 24. 陳春生,給付行政,月旦法學教室第4期,元照出版有限公司,2003年2月。
    4. 29. 許志雄等人合著,現代憲法論三版,元照出版有限公司,2002年。
    5. 33. 莊國榮,行政法,元照出版有限公司,2013年9月初版第一刷。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 甘騰彪(2015)。以房養老制度之可行性研究-以我國醫療產業人員為例。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2015。1-44。
    2. 曾重豪(2017)。台灣逆向抵押貸款之探討。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-52。
    3. 施國財(2017)。以房養老需求意願調查之研究-以台灣企銀往來客戶為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-37。
    4. 許永昱(2017)。中高齡者知覺風險對行為意圖影響之研究-以不動產逆向抵押貸款為例。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-101。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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