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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 211 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2012,4月).全國醫院護理人員缺額人數推估.取自期護訊.pdf
  2. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2012,5月16日).醫事人員管理系統台閩地區護理人員統計表.取自
  3. 王美業、林淑玲、何美華、邱淑貞、蕭雁文(2003).大學護理系學生實習重症單位壓力之因應行為.新台北護理期刊,5 (1),47-60。
  4. 王曉萍、高毓秀(2010).五年制護專學生臨床實習學習困擾現況之探討.志為護理,9(2),71-82。
  5. 王靜琳、李小璐、呂桂雲(2010).影響護專學生初次實習憂鬱及其相關因素之探討.護理暨健康照護研究,6(1),65-75。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉嘉珮(2014)。以社會支持觀點探討Facebook上的幸福感與寂寞感。朝陽科技大學資訊管理系學位論文。2014。1-96。
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