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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林人龍、黃進和、宗靜萍(2004)。”九年一貫科技素養教育課程教學設計與實施--以自然與生活科技領域「科技發展史」為例”。生活科技教育月刊3(5),頁14-38。
  2. 陳錦芬、曾泓璋(2006)。小組電腦擬題活動對英語字彙學習成就與學習情意之影響。國立臺北教育大學學報,第19卷第1期(95年3月)89~118。
  3. 陳景堂(2005)統計分析SPSS for Windows入門與應用第六版。台北市:儒林圖書公司。
  4. 陸正威‧王慧豐(2000)。同儕交互指導數學解題方案對國小學童數學解題表現、數學焦慮及後設認知影響之實驗研究。花蓮師院學報 。
  5. 鐘孟玉(2007)。面對面合作學習與線上合作學習之探討。靜宜大學資訊管理學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖遠光(Yuen-Kuang Liao);張澄清(Cheng-Ching Chang)(2016)。學生擬題教學對情意學習成效及學業成就影響之後設分析。教育科學研究期刊。61(3)。1-42。 
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