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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 152 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江美玲(2003)。"探索諮商團體"對低EQ國中生提升情緒智力效果之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 何昆展(2008)。企業員工之人格特質、工作態度、逆境商數及其創造力關聯模式之研究—以台灣高科技產業為例(未出版碩士論文)。長榮大學,台南。
  3. 吳怡瑾(2010)。國中生學習科目神馳經驗與學業成績相關之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北科技大學,台北。
  4. 李明宗(2000)。桃園縣國民小學校長領導行為與教師工作壓力關係之研究(未出版碩士論文)。台北師範學院,台北。
  5. 李牧衡(2007)。資訊工作人員之心理資本對工作滿意及生活滿意之影響(未出版碩士論文)。國立中央大學,桃園縣。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴佩青(2015)。臺中市公立國民中學教師社會支持與正向心理資本相關之研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2015。1-138。 
  2. 巫麗芳(2014)。中興大學外籍生與本地生之生活壓力與因應策略之研究。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-115。
  3. 許玉青(2015)。護理人員工作壓力、幸福感、專業承諾之相關研究-以情緒智力為調節變項。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2015。1-108。
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