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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 151 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方志華(2000)。女性主義關懷倫理學對西方道德哲學進路的省思。鵝湖月刊,304, 46-48。
  2. 白家琦(2011)。臺中市幼稚園品格教育實施現況之調查研究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保 育系碩士論文,未出版,臺中。
  3. 朱美珍、李秀鳳、吳怡慧、洪鼎堯、莊易霖譯(2008)。教育道德人:品格教育的 關懷取向。臺北:心理。(原作者:N. Noddings)。
  4. 江民瑜、黃蕙君、林俊瑩(2005)。國小學生家長參與學校教育之性別差異:以高 雄縣市為例,教育與社會研究,8,81-114。
  5. 余宗樺(2010)。由計畫行為理論分析影響國小教師使用自由軟體之因素-以彰化縣 為例,臺東大學進修部教學科技碩在職進修專班論文,未出版,臺東縣。
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