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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李建璋(2008)。96年全國運動會運動員心理技能之研究。97年度大專體育學術專刊,410-418。
  2. 何承恩、李淑芳(2007)。高爾夫球友心理技能與運動表現之研究。大專高爾夫學刊,4,頁65-75。
  3. 林慶源、林耀豐(2009)。運動自我效能與運動行為之探討。屏東教大體育,12 ,217-231。
  4. 邱玉惠(2001)。運動員心理技能量表之編製(未出版碩士論文)。國立體育學院,桃園縣。
  5. 東方介德、鄧碧珍(2003)。籃球選手心理技能之研究。北體學報,5,151~157。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂文瑜(2017)。籃球運動專業化、心流體驗對自我效能之影響─以105學年度大專籃球運動聯賽一般組選手為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-99。
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