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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘愛鈴、何青蓉(2008)。新移民教育機構推動新移民教育現況、特色與困境之調查研究。台東大學教育學報,19,(2),61-94。
  2. 匡惠敏(2009)。新移民女性的語文教育(頁42-44)。台灣台北:秀威資訊科技股份有限公司。
  3. 江芷玲(2008)。越南新移民跨文化語言學習策略研究。台灣台北:秀威資訊科技股份有限公司。
  4. 宋如瑜(2005)。實踐導向的華語文教育研究。台灣台北:秀威資訊科技股份有限公司。
  5. 宋如瑜(2008)。華語文教師的專業發展──以個案為基礎的探索。台灣台北:秀威資訊科技股份有限公司。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭宗翰(2013)。越南觀光華語導遊教材的設計與發展研究。中原大學應用華語文研究所學位論文。2013。1-184。 
  2. 王文宏(2017)。從語料庫探究華語「子」和「兒」的教學排序。清華大學中國語文學系所學位論文。2017。1-152。
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